Having photos taken in the past was a big event, which stored that exact moment and created a memory for that person. Now with the plethora of digital cameras and smartphones, it is as easy as a tap to capture 4K videos and photos. But even though the technology has moved leaps and bounds in the past decade, the basics of photography remains the same.

1. ISO

One of the few things which makes photos good, is by taking a photo in a good light. It makes all the subjects, background, and foreground amply lit. There is no best time for this, but even too much light can overexpose all the details from the photo and low light makes a photo loose sharpness and color. So, the sensor on a camera has a sensitivity range based on various factors.

A sample of Overexposed and Underexposed picture
A perfect picture

With the lowest one being ISO 100 and can go up to an average of ISO 6400 on a smartphone. A low ISO sensitivity means simply a dark photo and a higher ISO make the photo brighter. But with an increase in ISO, there is an increase in noise in the photograph. So that is why most photographers suggest shooting at a low ISO stop than at a higher one to reduce noise.

2. Shutter Speed

Shutter speed decides the amount of time the sensor is exposed and the light is allowed to come in. A faster shutter speed, like 1/200 second or 1/500 second, makes it easy to shoot fast-paced objects like cars, a sport, or an animal. We should use slow shutter speed for long exposures shots like time-lapse and star-trails. These shots need around 1 second to 30 seconds to capture it. So make sure to keep the camera really really steady.

Shutter speed

3. Aperture

A highly discussed topic was the variable aperture of Samsung’s top-end phones in the last year or so. This gave another form of freedom in smartphone photography. Aperture controls the amount of light entering the lens to the sensor. The range of aperture is usually from f/1.8 to 32, and lower the value means higher the amount of light going in and vice versa.

Aperture

Also, lower f-stop (aperture of the lens) have a narrow focus plane or simply put it makes a very small area of the object in focus. While higher-value f-stop makes more object in focus. The aesthetic value of the lower aperture is the famous BOKEH effect. It is now mainly digitally created in smartphones using portrait mode. But sometimes it fails to create an image like what an actual lens can do.

4. Processor

With the more advanced processors, the smartphone gets more power to capture great images. Clicking RAW images produces great pictures, which has all the details that the sensor captured and not the decompressed JPEG which lacks in quality. This gives a wide range of capabilities to alter an image, which can be done using Snapseed or Adobe Lightroom.

5. Photos are as good as the photographer

How to click photos
A photo by Avik Sarkar

In Conclusion, a photo is good not because of a smartphone or a camera, but because of the photographer. Yes, a good camera helps more in capturing photos with great detail. But the story needs to be given by the photographer.

One Reply to “5 things you should know to click photos like a PRO”

  1. Very informative article, especially about about exposure. That’s some exposure settings in that picture.

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